The Accordance Timeline Sampler is a collection of Bible timelines built using the Accordance interactive Timeline. The interactive Timeline lets you choose the items that appear on the timeline as well as the regions that are displayed. Each region of the timeline is color-coded, and when the people of one region dominate the people of another, the dominant region’s color “spills over” onto the subjugated regions. Chronological uncertainty is displayed through the use of gradiants. The interactive Timeline also lets you click on timeline items for more information, choose from two alternate dating schemes, and even option-drag from one item to another to see how much time has elapsed. The timelines shown here are meant to give you an idea of what is possible with the interactive Timeline.
The Patriarchal Period
A conservative dating of the patriarchal period to around the beginning of the second millemium B.C., showing the corresponding chronology of Mesopotamia. Notice how Terah’s decision to leave Ur coincides with a period of invasions by Gutians from Persia, followed by the rise of Ur’s prosperous third dynasty. Was the threat of invasion what prompted him to leave Ur? Whatever his motivation for leaving Ur, he appears to have left just before the rise of Ur’s prosperous third dynasty.
Egyptian Sojourn and Exodus
A conservative dating of the Egyptian sojourn and the Exodus. The Exodus is given a hard date of 1446 B.C. because 1 Kings 6:1 states that Solomon began to build the temple 480 years after the Exodus. While that gives a clear ending date to the oppression of the Israelites in Egypt, the start of the oppression is much less clear. Some scholars speculate that the new king who came to power in Egypt and who did not know Joseph might have been one of the Hyksos, a Semitic people who ruled northern Egypt for more than a century. Or perhaps this king was Amosis, the founder of the Egyptian Eighteenth Dynasty who drove out the Hyksos. Or perhaps the oppression began anywhere between. The beginning date is therefore very fuzzy and corresponds roughly with the period of Hyksos rule.
Many other scholars date the Exodus later, to around 1250 B.C., when Rameses II was pharaoh. The timeline gives you the opportunity to examine and compare both approaches to dating the Exodus.
The Life of David
How old was David when he fought Goliath? Became king? Committed adultery with Bathsheba? Or fled from Absalom? According to this chronology, he was around 17 when he fought Goliath, 35 when he became king over all of Israel, 48 when he committed adultery, and 64 during Absalom’s rebellion. How do those understandings of David’s age change our perception of each of those episodes in David’s life?
The Israelite Kings
The chronology of the kings of Israel and Judah were “mysterious” until the groundbreaking work of Edwin Thiele. This chronology is based on Thiele’s chronology.
During the reign of Jeroboam II, the northern kingdom of Israel went through a kind of Renaissance. Jeroboam II wrested control of land which had previously been lost to the nation of Aram, established national security, and dramatically increased the nation’s wealth. If we look at the period in which he ruled we notice two interesting synchronisms. First, he enjoyed a long reign, as did his contemporary, king Uzziah of Judah. Second, he lived during a period when the Assyrian empire was relatively weak. With peace and stability to the south and relative freedom from Assyrian interference, Jeroboam II and Israel flourished. But the Renaissance was not to last. Israel was overrun by the Assyrians just a few decades later.
The New Testament Period
A conservative chronology of New Testament events.
A conservative chronology of New Testament writings.
A critical chronology of New Testament writings.